The Destruction of Israel

The Kings of Israel and Judah

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List of the Kings of Israel, Judah, and Assyria

assyrian_head.jpgAfter the death of Solomon there was a civil war and Israel divided north and south. The north was called Israel and the south was called Judah. Each has a line of kings ruling from their royal palaces. The kings of the northern kingdom of Israel were all wicked. The kings of the southern kingdom of Judah were both wicked and good. Some of the great kings like Hezekiah and Uzziah came from the southern kingdom of Judah. The later king of Assyria reigned from the 9th century BC until the fall of Assyria in 612 BC.

 

The Kings of Israel (all wicked)

Jeroboam I (933-911) twenty-two years

Nadab (911-910) two years

Baasha (910-887) twenty-four years

Elah (887-886) two years

Zimri (886) seven days

Omri (886-875) twelve years

Ahab (875-854) twenty-two years

Ahaziah (855-854) two years

Jehoram (Joram) (854-843) twelve years

Jehu (843-816) twenty-eight years

Jehoahaz (820-804) seventeen years

Jehoash (Joash) (806-790) sixteen years

Jeroboam II (790-749) forty-one years

Zechariah' (748) six months

Shallum (748) one month

Menahem (748-738) ten years

Pekahiah (738-736) two years

Pekah (748-730) twenty years

Hoshea (730-721) nine years

 

The Kings of Judah (8 were good)

Rehoboam (933-916) seventeen years

Abijam (915-913) three years

Asa (Good) (912-872) forty-one years

Jehoshaphat (Good) (874-850) twenty-five years

Jehoram (850-843) eight years

Ahaziah (843) one year

Athaliah (843-837) six years

Joash (Good) (843-803) forty years

Amaziah (Good) (803-775) 29 years

Azariah (Uzziah) (Good) (787-735) fifty-two years

Jotham (Good) (749-734) sixteen years

Ahaz (741-726) sixteen years

Hezekiah (Good) (726-697) 29 years

Manasseh (697-642) fifty-five years

Amon (641-640) two years

Josiah (Good) (639-608) thirty-one years

Jehoahaz (608) three months

Jehoiachim (608-597) eleven years

Jehoiachin (597) three months

Zedekiah (597-586) eleven years

 

THE KINGS OF ISRAEL AND JUDAH

The Books of First and Second Kings in the Bible reveal the history of Israel and Judah from the time of David all the way to the Babylonian captivity. When David's son Solomon died the history of both kingdoms began, but there is something quite remarkable when you compare the lives of the kings in each kingdom.  Their attitudes of worship, the way they ran the government, and the reflection of them upon the people that served them.

The Kingdom of Judah descended from the line of King David according to the calling and choosing of Almighty God. Each of the 21 kings was a son of his father from David to the captivity in Babylon, which was a period that lasted for 510 years. During the entire reign of the kings of Judah there was not one revolt, this is very very peculiar in any kingdom in world history.

This was far from true when looking at the kingdom of Israel in the North who followed their first King Jeroboam into depraved idolatry. Many of their kings were originally usurpers who rebelled against their king, and the tribe of which they belonged was not a big importance to them. There were 19 kings during their 311 years, from Jeroboam to the Assyrian captivity in 722 BC.

I Kings reveals 126 years of history and II Kings reveals 311 years of history. 2 Chronicles contains the same information as I and II Kings except for the fact that in Kings the history of Israel and Judah are melded together. 2 Chronicles there was only the house of David and the kings of Judah, with the whole history of the Kings of Israel removed. The only time a northern kingdom of Israel king is mentioned is when that historyintersects with one of the kings of Judah. The book of 2 Chronicles gives an account of the family and line of David and the subject is made very big. This is of great benefit because it allows us to see God's faithfulness to his promises to David, and how David's descendents were faithful in preserving the line of David. This allowed the promise of the Messiah to gain solid ground in the history of redemption.

When tracing the history of the kings of Judah it is easy to observe that every King who followed the Lord had great prosperity in his kingdom. On the other hand if a king arose who did not follow the Lord the kingdom suffered greatly, the people did not prosper, and once their sins reached an obvious climax great tragedy would happen.

The LORD spoke a very true Word in 1 Samuel 2:30,

 "Them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed."


 

2 Kings 17:22-23 - "For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them; Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day."

 

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The Destruction of the Northern Kingdom of Israel with Map

The Destruction of Israel The Destruction of Israel - Introduction The Destruction of Israel - Overview The Destruction of Israel - The Eighth Century B.C. The Destruction of Israel - Tiglath-pilesar III The Destruction of Israel - King Menahem of Israel The Destruction of Israel - Pekah Slays Pekahiah The Destruction of Israel - The Syrian League The Destruction of Israel - King Ahaz of Judah The Destruction of Israel - Assyria Attacks Damascus The Destruction of Israel - Assyria Attacks Israel The Destruction of Israel - Egypt Acts The Destruction of Israel - Sargon II The Destruction of Israel - Israel is Deported The Destruction of Israel - The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel The Destruction of Israel - The Samaritans The Destruction of Israel - Lions The Destruction of Israel - Judah The Destruction of Israel - List of Kings The Destruction of Israel - Maps The Destruction of Israel - Ancient Texts The Destruction of Israel - Scriptures The Destruction of Israel - Dictionaries and Encyclopedias The Destruction of Israel - Introduction

"Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone. . And the LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight." (The Book of 2 Kings)

 

When Your Enemies Are The Size Of Assyria - A Heart Message

 

sargon-9.jpg  Isa 10:5-7 "Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hand is My indignation. I will send him against an ungodly nation, And against the people of My wrath I will give him charge, To seize the spoil, to take the prey, And to tread them down like the mire of the streets. Yet he does not mean so, Nor does his heart think so; But it is in his heart to destroy, And cut off not a few nations."

 

The Northern Kingdom consisted of 10 of the tribes (excluding Judah and Benjamin). It lasted for about 210 years until it was destroyed by Assyria in 722 BC. Its capital was Samaria. Every king of Israel was evil. In the northern kingdom there were 9 dynasties (family lines of kings) and 19 kings in all. An average of 11 years to a reign. 8 of these kings met death by violence.

 

The epitaph written over every one of its kings was:

 

I King 15:34 "and he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin by which he had made Israel to sin."

 

It was king Ahab who introduced Baal worship to them.

 

I King 16:30-33 "Now Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD, more than all who were before him. And it came to pass, as though it had been a trivial thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians; and he went and served Baal and worshiped him. Then he set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a wooden image. Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him."

 

The last king was Hoshea (2 Ki 17). The petty wars of the past, wars with Syria and Edom, Ammon and Philistia, were now to give way to war on an ominous new scale. A world empire was being gathered into the ruthless hands of the Assyrians. The ruthless and cruel Assyrians (under Sargon II) besieged Samaria for 3 years and finally it fell, Israel was doomed. The Assyrians hauled them away into captivity (722 BC).

 

But the Lord always reminded them of why judgment came:

 

II Ki 17:7-23 "For so it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and they had feared other gods, and had walked in the statutes of the nations whom the LORD had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.

 

Also the children of Israel secretly did against the LORD their God things that were not right, and they built for themselves high places in all their cities, from watchtower to fortified city. They set up for themselves sacred pillars and wooden images on every high hill and under every green tree. There they burned incense on all the high places, like the nations whom the LORD had carried away before them; and they did wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger, for they served idols, of which the LORD had said to them, "You shall not do this thing."

 

Yet the LORD testified against Israel and against Judah, by all of His prophets, every seer, saying, "Turn from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets." Nevertheless they would not hear, but stiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God. And they rejected His statutes and His covenant that He had made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He had testified against them; they followed idols, became idolaters, and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them that they should not do like them.

 

So they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. And they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and soothsaying, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger.

 

Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone. . And the LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight. For He tore Israel from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them commit a great sin. For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them, until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day."

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Introduction

Overview

The Eighth Century BC

The Assyrians

Tiglath Pileser III

King Menahem of Israel

Pekah Slays Pekahiah

The Syrian League

King Ahaz of Judah

Assyria Attacks Damascus

Assyria Attacks Israel

Egypt Acts

Sargon II

Israel is Deported

The 10 Lost Tribes of Israel

The Samaritans

Plague of Lions

Kingdom of Judah

Scriptures

Conclusion

 

Charts and Information

List of Kings

List of the Kings of Assyria

Map of the Assyrian Empire

Map of Assyria in the Ancient Near East

Historical Writings

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias 

Timeline of Events

 

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