Ancient Near East
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Jerusalem at PassoverJohn 11:55 "And the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves."
Population of Jerusalem During the Time of Jesus
It is often asked "How many lived in Jerusalem during the time of Jesus?" But there is really no reliable sources that would indicate any population figures during the time of Jesus. The main sources available estimate a population of around 80,000 to 100,000 citizens. But hundreds of thousands of Jews from the Diaspora which numbered around 4,000,000 visited Jerusalem for the Passover and other festivals yearly with an estimated 3,000,000 people, both Jews and Gentiles, visiting Jerusalem during the Passover when the Lamb of God was lifted on a Roman cross.
According to Josephus, Hecataeus of Abdera wrote in the 4th century BC that Jerusalem "is inhabited by 120,000 men." Josephus also said that there were 2,700,000 people within the walls of Jerusalem when the Romans, under Titus, besieged it in 70 AD. Tacitus recorded Jerusalem at 600,000 men women and children. Palestine as a whole contained around 3 to 4 million inhabitants.
When the Jewish rebellion began under the emperor Nero the number of Jews increased rapidly coming from all over the world seeking protection within the high walls and fortifications of the city. Josephus records that 1,100,000 Jews perished during the siege and 97,000 were taken as captives and sold into slavery. This was about 40 years after the crucifixion of Jesus.
Rome had an estimated 1,200,000 inhabitants and considered the largest city with Alexandria placed second, and Antioch third. History records that there were around 100,000,000 people within the 1,500,000 square miles of the Roman Empire during the time of Christ.
Bibliography on Ancient Customs
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised
by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008
© Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)
Bible Study Topics
"and, behold there came a leper" - Matthew 8:1-2
and the "moneychangers" doing business - John 2:13-16
are you the "Coming One" or do we look for another? - Matt 11:2-7
"I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands" - Isaiah 49:16
He took his eldest son and..."offered him" - 2 Kings 3:26-27
And Jesus walked in the temple, in "Solomon's Porch" - John 10:23
She turned and said to Him, "Rabboni" - John 20:16
"And many went...up to Jerusalem" - John 11:55
How Far was a "Sabbath Day's Journey?" - Acts 1:12
On the last day, the "great day" of the feast - John 7:37
Not One "Jot Or Tittle" - Matthew 5:18
A "Wineskin in the Smoke" Psalm 119:83
And she..."shall sit on the ground" - Isaiah 3:26
As the "sash" clings to the waist of a man - Jeremiah 13:11
They Prayed "Toward Jerusalem" - Daniel 6:10
Euphrates, "The Great River" - Genesis 15:18
The Lord's "hand is not shortened" - Isaiah 59:1
The king sealed it with his own "signet ring" - Daniel 6:17
The "Pinnacle Of The Temple" - Matthew 4:5
The Law Was Our "Schoolmaster" To Bring Us Unto Christ - Galatians 3:24