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Scripture Backdrops - Relevant Historical Insights into Scripture

The River Euphrates

Gen 15:18 "On the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying: "To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates" (NKJ) 

The "Great River", The River Euphrates

The Euphrates River

The Euphrates river is "the river" and "the great river" of the Bible. it is named as one of the rivers of Eden. The root of the word "Euphrates" is "Pehrat" which means "to break forth and abound." 

The Euphrates river is about 1780 miles long and is the largest river in Southwestern Asia, and was always considered by the Hebrews as the ideal northeastern boundary of Israel. 

IKing 4:21 "So Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. They brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life." (NKJ) 

The Euphrates river overflows its banks, like the Nile, every year and rises as high as 12 feet during the months of March, April, and May because of the melting of the snows. People in ancient times often referred to cities dwelling on one side or the other side of the great river Euphrates. The Greeks used to say, "to cross the Euphrates was to cross the Rubicon." It was the western boundary of Mesopotamia, dividing it from the "Land of Hatti," which included all land between the Euphrates and the Mediterranean; Babylon bordered this river, as Nineveh did upon the Tigris River. It flowed by other ancient cities, such as Carchemish (2 Chr. 35:20) and Sippar, Agade, Borsippa, and Ur. 

According to Xenophon, The Euphrates caused the desert to "become a garden of fertility." 

The Book of Revelation and the River Euphrates

There are future events mentioned in the Book of Revelation concerning the Euphrates river: 

Rev 9:14-16 14 saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates." 15 So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. (NKJ) 

Rev 16:12 "Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared." (NKJ)




and the "moneychangers" doing business - John 2:13-16

are you the "Coming One" or do we look for another? - Matt 11:2-7

and out of whose hills thou mayest dig "brass." - Deut 8:9

"I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands" - Isaiah 49:16

He took his eldest son and..."offered him" - 2 Kings 3:26-27

And Jesus walked in the temple, in "Solomon's Porch" - John 10:23

She turned and said to Him, "Rabboni" - John 20:16

"And many went...up to Jerusalem" - John 11:55

How Far was a "Sabbath Day's Journey?" - Acts 1:12

On the last day, the "great day" of the feast - John 7:37 

Not One "Jot Or Tittle" - Matthew 5:18 

A "Wineskin in the Smoke" Psalm 119:83 

And she..."shall sit on the ground" - Isaiah 3:26

As the "sash" clings to the waist of a man - Jeremiah 13:11 

And devout men carried Stephen to his "burial" - Acts 8:2 

They Prayed "Toward Jerusalem" - Daniel 6:10 

Euphrates, "The Great River" - Genesis 15:18 

The Lord's "hand is not shortened" - Isaiah 59:1 

The king sealed it with his own "signet ring" - Daniel 6:17 

The "Pinnacle Of The Temple" - Matthew 4:5 

The Law Was Our "Schoolmaster" To Bring Us Unto Christ - Galatians 3:24