Ancient Babylonia - Timechart of Early Mesopotamian History

Also see Biblical Timeline

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Date (BC)
Area
City Event
3200
Near East
Farming, Clay bricks, irrigation canals, pottery and metallurgy
3100-2300
Southern Mesopotamia
The Ubaid culture flourishes
3000
Southern Mesopotamia
The Uruk period. Named after Uruk: an early city. First cities are created.
3000
Mesopotamia
Writing invented
2750
Mesopotamia
A Semitic people: the Akkadians begin to settle
2600
Mesopotamia
Wheeled transport introduced
2600
Ur
Ur is a leading center of civilization Sargon I becomes King-founds Akkadian dynasty
2400
Agade
Sargon I usurps the kingdom of Kish and builds a new city called Agade- Akkadian dynasty founded Early ziggurat
2371
Sumer & Akkad
Sargon I forms an empire in Sumer and Akkad
2255-2218
Agade
Naram-sin, grandson of Sargon I, becomes King and continues the empire
2230
Agade
Akkadian dynasty ends
2200
Northern Babylonia
The savage Gutians occupy northern Babylonia
2100
Lagash
The city of Lagash flourished during this time particularly under the King Gudea.
2100
Ur
Third dynasty of Ur forms extensive empire in Babylonia. Revival of the Sumerians as a political power
2100
Ur
Early ziggurat built
2000
Southern Mesopotamia
Ur and her empire collapses under the pressure of another group of people moving into Mesopotamia: the Amorites
2000
Mesopotamia
Amorites move into Mesopotamia
2006-1894
Babylonia
Isin-Larsa period: when Isin and Larsa were the dominant cities
1792-60
Babylon
Hammurapi rules
1763
Larsa
Larsa is overthrown by the Kassites
1757
Mari
Royal palace destroyed by the Babylonians
1415-1155
Southern Mesopotamia
Kassite invaders rule Babylon and most of southern Mesopotamia
1000
Assyria
Assyria becomes more important and begins to form an empire
612
Assyria
Assyria is defeated by the Medes and Babylonians
605-562
Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar II rules
539
Babylon
The Achaemenid (Persian) empire captures Babylon

Babylonia Scroll




Ancient Babylonia
Ancient Babylonia
by R. Russell

2 Kin 24:13-14 "And Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house, and he cut in pieces all the articles of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said. Also he carried into captivity all Jerusalem: all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths. None remained except the poorest people of the land."

Also see: Ancient Babylonia Map

Fall of Babylon Heart Message

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Glossary

Introduction

History of Babylonia

Old Babylonian Period (2000 - 1595 BC)

The Amorites, Isin and Larsa, Hammurapi of Babylon, Classical Period, The Language, Religion Law Science and the Arts, Babylon, The KassitesThe People of the Sealand, The Hittite Kingdom

Middle Babylonian Period (1595 - 1000 BC)

The Kassite Dynasty, Kadashman-Enlil I and Burnaburiash II, Kurigalzu II, Elam and Assyria, Dur Kurigalzu a New Capital, The Kudurru, Nebuchadnezzar I, The Aramaeans, The Culture

Neo Babylonian Period (1000 - 539 BC)

Assyria, Nabu-nasir, Tiglath pileser III, The Babylonian Chronicles, The Chaldeans, Sennacherib, Ashurbanipal, Nabopolassar, Nebuchadnezzar II, The Fall of Babylon

Literature

Sumerian Origins, Schools of Scribes, Numbering Tablets, Aramaic and Greek, Poetry, Music, Myths, The Gilgamesh Epic, The Babylonian Flood Myth, Biblical Flood, Prayers and Hymns, Wisdom Literature, Prophecy, Cuneiform

Religion

Marduk and his son Nabu, Babylonian Gods, Temples and Rituals, Priests, Personal Idols, Divination, Astrology, Extispicy, The New Year's Festival, Morality, Prayers and Hymns, Prophecy

Law and Justice

Shamash the Sun God, Civil Law, Law Codes, Hammurapi and Retaliation, Code of Hammurapi Text, Legal Disputes, Labor, Criminal Law, Prisons Slaves and Women, Legal Documents

King and State

Monarchy, The King's Palace, The King's Harem, Communication, Roads, Scribes, Nebuchadnezzar II

Economy and Social Structure

Houses and Farms, Irrigation, Artisans, Manufacturing, Trade, Social Hierarchy, Family and Tribe, Domestic Relations, Schools

Science

Scientific Knowledge, Astronomy, The Calendar, Mathematics, Medicine, Nature

Archaeology

Gilgamesh Tablet, The Hammurapi Stele, Ancient Map, Clay Model of a Sheep's Liver, Mathematics Tablet, Sheeps Liver Cuneiform, Seal Impression, Israelite Seal to Pedaiah, Clay Cylinder of Nabopolassar, The Striding Lion, The Ishtar Gate, The Dragon of Marduk, Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon, The Babylonian Chronicles, Basalt Block Inscription, The Ziggurats, Nabonidus Stele, Cyrus Cylinder

Biblical History

David Anoints Solomon, Solomon's Choice, Solomon's Temple, God's Ideal King, The Divided Kingdom, The Northern Kingdom Israel, The Southern Kingdom Judah, Judah's Kings, Hezekiah, The Destruction of Jerusalem, The Babylonian Captivity, Daniel and the Prophets, Nebuchadnezzar, The Return from Babylon

Questions about Babylon Answered in the Bible

Maps

Timelines


© Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)

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Ancient Babylonia

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