Ancient Near East
Images & Art
Maps & Geography
Mythology & Beliefs
People in History
Timelines & Charts
(o-gus'-tus) Augoustos:The first Roman emperor, and noteworthy in Bible history as the emperor in whose reign the Incarnation took place (Luke 2:1). His original name was Caius Octavius Caepias and he was born in 63 B.C., the year of Cicero's consulship. He was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar, his mother Atia having been the daughter of Julia, Caesar's younger sister. He was only 19 years of age when Caesar was murdered in the Senate house (44 B.C.), but with a true instinct of statesmanship he steered his course through the intrigues and dangers of the closing years of the republic, and after the battle of Actium was left without a rival.
"Sancta vocant augusta patres: augusta vocanturTempla sacerdotum rite dicata manu."
-Ovid Fasti. 609; compare Dion Cass., 5316The Greeks rendered the word by Sebastos, literally, "reverend'" Acts 25:21,25). The name was connected by the Romans with augur-"one consecrated by religion"-and also with the verb augere. In this way it came to form one of the German imperial titles "Mehrer des Reichs" (extender of the empire). The length of the reign of Augustus, extending as it did over 44 years from the battle of Actium (31 B.C.) to his death (14 A.D.), doubtless contributed much to the settlement and consolidation of the new regime after the troublous times of the civil wars.
(from International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Public Domain)
Images and Busts of Augustus on romanemperors.com
Augustus Bibliography Resources
Augustus Caesar's World - By Foster, 347 Pages, Pub. 1947
Augustus: The Life of Rome's First Emperor - By Everitt, 432 Pages, Pub. 2007