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Bust of Tiberius Caesar
This painted sketch from the National Museum in naples reveals the face of Tiberius Caesar, the adopted son of Augustus. He was born in 42 BC and became Emperor in 14 AD. As a citizen he was honorable, but as an Emperor he was cruel and wicked.
The face of the Roman Emperor, Tiberius from the statue now in the Museo Nazionale, Naples. Tiberius was the stepson of Augustus and the oldest son of Livia, wife of Augustus. Augustus adopted Tiberius in 4 A.D. because he lacked a male heir. He had first adopted his younger stepson Drusus, but he died in 9 B.C. after falling from his horse. In 14 A.D. Tiberius became Emperor of Rome.
Whether Tiberius had heard of Jesus, or knew about the crucifixion of Jesus is a matter of speculation. There is no doubt that word about Jesus and his miracles spread quickly throughout the Roman Empire, even to the Imperial Palace on Palatine Hill, but Tiberius had retired to his palace on the Island of Capri in 26 A.D. while all sorts of corruption was happening in Rome. He left Sejanus in charge of Rome who eventually betrayed him and was later tried by the Senate upon orders by Tiberius, and then executed. Meanwhile there were many rumors about Tiberius on Capri involving homosexuality and sexual perversity with young boys, which included all sorts of inhumane cruelty. In this picture it shows the "Tiberius Leap" (Salto di Tiberio) which is a giant 1000 foot cliff that, according to the historians Suetonius and Tacitus, Tiberius hurled his discarded young sexual conquests and victims into the sea to their deaths for orgasmic pleasure.
The bust of Tiberius Caesar is important in the study of Biblical Archaeology, it reveals the image and reality of a person mentioned in the Bible, who was the emperor of Rome during the time of Christ's life.
"Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness." Luke 3:1-2
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
Tiberius crowned. A colossal bust, the armour adorned with trophies. As a private citizen he was much esteemed, but he was an extremely vicious and cruel Emperor.
Micah 5:2 - But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Tiberius Caesar Scripture - Luke 3:1
Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate
being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his
brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and
Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
Daniel 2:40 - "And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise."
Acts 23:11 - And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.
Matthew 22:17-22 "Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, hypocrites? Shew me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's. When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left him, and went their way."
Reign 18 September 14 AD – 16 March 37 AD (22 years, 179 days)
A Real Controlling Spirit
Previously, in approximately 21 BC, Augustus was somewhat afraid of the rising power of Agrippa and thought to keep him close by forcing a marriage to his daughter Julia. To accomplish this Agrippa was then forced to divorce his wife Marcella to marry his daughter Julia who was 25 years younger at the age of 18. They had five children together.
It doesn’t end there… keep following.
In time, General Tiberius was sent to fight in the Alps,
returning again to Rome in 13 BC, Agrippa his father-in-law had
died, so his father Caesar Augustus forced him to divorce Vipsania,
the woman he loved, and marry Julia who was the widow of Agrippa,
his father-in-law, and Tiberius’s step-sister. Vipsania was
Tiberius in Wikipedia
Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus (November 16, 42 BC – March 16, AD
37), born Tiberius Claudius Nero, was Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37
AD. Tiberius was by birth a Claudian, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero
and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced his father and was remarried
to Augustus in 39 BC, making him a step-son of Octavian. Tiberius
would later marry Augustus' daughter Julia the Elder (from his
marriage to Scribonia) and even later be adopted by Augustus, by
which act he officially became a Julian, bearing the name Tiberius
Julius Caesar. The subsequent emperors after Tiberius would continue
this blended dynasty of both families for the next forty years;
historians have named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty. In relations to
the other emperors of this dynasty, Tiberius was the stepson of
Augustus, great-uncle of Caligula, paternal uncle of Claudius, and
great-great uncle of Nero. Tiberius was one of Rome's greatest
generals, conquering Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, and temporarily
Germania; laying the foundations for the northern frontier. But he
came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and somber ruler who
never really desired to be emperor; Pliny the Elder called him
tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest of men." After the death of
Tiberius’ son Drusus Julius Caesar in 23, the quality of his rule
declined and ended in a terror. In 26, Tiberius exiled himself from
Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his
unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Sejanus and Macro. Caligula,
Tiberius' grand-nephew and adopted grandson, succeeded the emperor
upon his death...
Tiberius in Roman Biography
Ti-be'ri-us, [Fr. Tibere, te'baiR' ; It. Tiberio, teba're- o,] or,
more fully, Ti-be'rI-us Clau'dl-us Ne'ro, a celebrated emperor of
Rome, born in 42 B.C. He was a son of Livia Drusilla, the wife of
Augustus, by her first marriage, and belonged to the patrician peps
Claudia, His father was T. Claudius Nero. At an early age he
acquired a high reputation in military affairs, and served with
distinction in Spain, Asia Minor, and Germany. His talents were
respectable, if not superior. He was well versed in Greek and Latin
literature. His first wife was Vipsania Agrippina, a daughter of
Agrippa. About 12 B.C. he was compelled to divorce her, and to marry
Julia, a daughter of the emperor Augustus. He passed seven years at
Rhodes in retirement, and returned to Rome in 2 A.D. After the death
of Caius Caesar, in 4 A.D., Augustus adopted Tiberius as his son and
successor. He became emperor in the year 14, and at first used his
power with moderation. He had a suspicious temper, and was a most
artful dissembler. He chose for his favourite minister and adviser
the infamous Sejanus, to whom he soon abandoned the direction of the
government. Tiberius was suspected of being accessory to the death
of Germanicus, (19 A.D.) His only son, Drusus, was poisoned by
Sejanusin 23. In the year 26 he left Rome, to which he never
returned, and retired to the island of Capri, (Capreae.) Avoiding
publicity and neglecting affairs of state, he abandoned himself to
debauchery. In 31 A.D. Sejamis was put to death by the order or
permission of Tiberius, and Macro became the powerful favourite.
Tiberius died in 37 A.D., without appointing his successor. It is
stated that he was suffocated by Macro, by whose aid Caligula then
became emperor. "The historian," says Macaulay, (referring to
Tacitus,) " undertook to make us intimately acquainted with a man
singularly dark and inscrutable,—with a man whose real disposition
long remained swathed up in intricate folds of factitious virtues,
and over whose actions the hypocrisy of his youth and the seclusion
of his old age threw a singular mystery. . . . He was to exhibit the
old sovereign of the world sinking into a dotage which, though it
rendered his appetites eccentric and his temper savage, never
impaired the powers of his stern and penetrating mind, conscious of
failing strength, raging with capricious sensuality, yet to the last
the keenest of observers, the most artful of dissemblers, and the
most terrible of masters. The task was one of extreme difficulty.
The execution is almost perfect." (Essay on " History.") See
Suetonius, " Tiberius ;" Tacitus, " Annales ;" Sievers, "Tacitus und
Tiberius," 1850: V. Duruy, " De Tiberio Imperatore," 1853 ;
Merivai.e, " History of the Romans under the Empire ;" Hose, " De
Tiberio Cajsare," 1661 ; "Nouvelle Biosraphie Generale."
Tiberius in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
An emperor of
Rome from A.D. 14 to 37. His full name was Tiberius Claudius Nero
Caesar. He was the son of T. Claudius Nero and of Livia, and was
born on the 16th of November, B.C. 42, before his mother married
Augustus. Tiberius was tall and strongly made, and his health was
good. His face was handsome, and his eyes large. He was carefully
educated, and became well acquainted with Greek and Latin
literature, his master in rhetoric being Theodorus of Gadara. Though
not without military courage, as his life shows, he had a great
timidity of character, and was of a jealous and suspicious temper;
and these qualities rendered him cruel after he had acquired power.
There can be little doubt that his morose reserve and his
dissimulation had been increased, if not created, by his relations
to Augustus. As emperor the difficulties of his position, and the
influence of Livia and still more of Seianus, increased his tendency
to jealousy and suspicion of all who seemed rivals or dangerous from
their popularity. The system of espionage and delation (see
Delatores) once begun could only increase with each act of tyranny
and cruelty, till his rule became a veritable reign of terror. Yet
in reading his history, especially the tales of his monstrous and
incredible licentiousness, it must be recollected that Tacitus and
Suetonius both wrote with a strong bias against him and his rule,
and were ready to accept as true the worst scandals which were
handed down. If Velleius was prejudiced in the other direction, it
is at least right to adopt some part of his less unfavourable
portrait and to imagine that the old age of Tiberius was not so
absolutely contradictory of his youth as it is sometimes made to
appear. The cruelty of his rule applied only to Rome. The testimony
of Iosephus and Philo shows that his provincial government was just
and lenient. In B.C. 11, Augustus compelled Tiberius, much against
his will, to divorce his wife, Vipsania Agrippina, and to marry
Iulia, the widow of Agrippa, and daughter of the emperor, with whom
Tiberius, however, did not long live in harmony. Tiberius was thus
brought into still closer contact with the imperial family; but as
Gaius and Lucius Caesar, the grandsons of Augustus, were still
living, the prospect of Tiberius succeeding to the imperial power
seemed very remote. He was employed on various military services. In
20, he was sent by Augustus to restore Tigranes to the throne of
Armenia. It was during this campaign that Horace addressed one of
his epistles to Iulius Florus (i. 12), who was serving under
Tiberius. In 15, Drusus and his brother Tiberius were engaged in
warfare with the Raeti, and the exploits of the two brothers were
sung by Horace (Carm. iv. 4, 14). In 13, Tiberius was consul with P.
Quintilius Varus. In 11, while his brother Drusus was fighting
against the Germans, Tiberius conducted the war against the
Dalmatians and against the Pannonians. Drusus died in 9, owing to a
fall from his horse. On the news of the accident, Tiberius was sent
by Augustus to Drusus, whom he found just alive. Tiberius returned
to the war in Germany, and crossed the Rhine. In 7 he was consul a
second time. In 6 he obtained the tribunicia potestas for five
years, but during this year he retired with the emperor's permission
to Rhodes, where he spent the next seven years. Tacitus says that
his chief reason for leaving Rome was to get away from his wife, who
treated him with contempt, and whose licentious life was no secret
to her husband; probably, too, he was unwilling to stay at Rome when
the grandsons of Augustus were attaining years of maturity, for
there was mutual jealousy between them and Tiberius. He returned to
Rome A.D. 2. He was relieved from one trouble during his absence,
for his wife Iulia had been banished to the island of Tiberius.
(Vatican.) Pandataria (B.C. 2), and he never saw her again.
in Tiberius Caesar's Life
Significant Dates in Tiberius Caesar's Life
The empress Livia bore a son from a previous marriage whom she named "Tiberius." Augustus was not impressed with Tiberius, even though he was an able soldier. He forced Tiberius to divorce the one he loved, Vipsania, and to marry Julia, his adulterous daughter. The reign of Tiberius was damaged by treason trials, scandal, absence, indulgence, and his own personal orgies. In 26 A.D. Tiberius was 67 years old when he was persuaded by Sejanus, the reckless leader of the praetorian guard. He was advised to leave Rome and spend his life on the island of Capri, near the Bay of Naples. The ancient writer Suetonius wrote many scandalous stories regarding Tiberius and his orgies, indulgences, and sadistic displays. Tiberius learned of the treachery of Sejanus in 31 A.D. and had him executed. Sometime around 30 A.D. Jesus of Nazareth was crucified under the rule of Sejanus' prefect, Pontius Pilate, a fact which was known by the Roman historian, Tacitus. romanemperors.com
Tiberius Caesar (42 bc- ad 37), Roman emperor ad 14-37; full name Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus. The adopted successor of his stepfather and father-in-law Augustus, he became increasingly tyrannical and his reign was marked by a growing number of treason trials and executions. [Oxford Dictionary]
Tiberius Caesar (Tiberius (14–37 C.E.). The early years of Tiberius' reign were peaceful and relatively benign. Tiberius secured the power of Rome and enriched its treasury. However, Tiberius' reign soon became characterized by paranoia and slander. In 19 C.E., he was widely blamed for the death of his nephew, the popular Germanicus. In 23 C.E. his own son Drusus died. More and more, Tiberius retreated into himself. He began a series of treason trials and executions. He left power in the hands of the commander of the guard, Aelius Sejanus. Tiberius himself retired to live at his villa on the island of Capri in 26 C.E., leaving administration in the hands of Sejanus, who carried on the persecutions with relish. Sejanus also began to consolidate his own power; in 31 C.E. he was named co-consul with Tiberius and married Livilla, the emperor's niece. At this point he was "hoisted by his own petard": the Emperor's paranoia, which he had so ably exploited for his own gain, was turned against him. Sejanus was put to death, along with many of his cronies, the same year. The persecutions continued until Tiberius' death in 37 C.E. [New World Ency]
Tiberius Caesar - Tiberius, the second Roman emperor (A.D. 14-37), b. November 16, 42 B.C.; d. March 16, A.D. 37. He was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia. By the marriage of his mother with Emperor Augustus he became the latter's stepson, and was adopted by Augustus in A.D. 4. In the year 10 he was appointed coregent with Augustus. Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step-father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. In his internal policies especially he is one of the most distinguished of all Roman emperors. Like Augustus he reformed and improved every department of the government, and promoted in every direction the prosperity of the empire of which Augustus had laid the foundation. He developed imperial power by declining to have his authority renewed from time to time by the Senate, as Augustus had done. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Aelius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence. The persecutions and executions for lese-majesty, which rapidly increased during the second half of his reign, and the gloom which pervaded Rome induced Tiberius to leave the capital altogether in the year 26 and to live partly in Campania and partly on the Island of Capri. Before this date the question as to the succession to the empire had led to a terrible family tragedy. By his first marriage Tiberius had a son called Drusus, while his second marriage with theimmoral Julia, daughter of Augustus, was childless. After the death of his nephew Germanicus (A.D. 19), whom he had been obliged to adopt at the command of Augustus to the exclusion of his own son, he hoped to secure the succession for Drusus. A low intrigue was formed against this plan, in which the wife of Drusus, Livilla, who had illicit relations with Sejanus, took part. In the year 23 Drusus was poisoned by Sejanus and Livilla. However, when in 31 Sejanus formed a conspiracy to secure the throne for himself, Tiberius was warned at the last moment and had Sejanus executed. Tiberius spent his last years in constantly increasing seclusion, misanthropy, and cruelty on the Island of Capri, where it is said he abandoned himself to debauchery. However, these reports are at least colored by prejudice and have not been satisfactorily proved. Neither is it probable that Tiberius was murdered. The ministry and death of John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ occurred during the reign of Tiberius. According to St. Luke (iii, 1), St. John the Baptist was called by God, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius, to prepare the way for Christ as His precursor. Shortly before his death Tiberius recalled the procurator Pontius Pilate from Judea. Tertullian (Apologeticum, v, xxi), from whom Eusebius and Orosius take the story, relates that Tiberius received a report concerning Christ and that he called upon the Senate to place Christ among the gods. The Senate rejected the request; Tiberius then threatened the accusers of the Christians with punishment. The narrative is not worthy of belief, still it is probable that Tertullian knew a document that professed to be a report of Pilate. [Catholic Encyclopedia]
Tiberius Caesar in Easton's Bible Dictionary
i.e., as known
in Roman history, Tiberius Claudius Nero, only mentioned in Luke
3:1. He was the stepson of Augustus, whom he succeeded on the
throne, A.D. 14. He was noted for his vicious and infamous life. In
the fifteenth year of his reign John the Baptist entered on his
public ministry, and under him also our Lord taught and suffered. He
died A.D. 37. He is frequently referred to simply as "Caesar" (Matt.
22:17, 21; Mark 12:14, 16, 17; Luke 20:22, 24, 25; 23:2; John 19:12,
The Word "Caesar" is Mentioned many Times
in the Bible
Luke 3:1 - Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene.
Matthew 22:21 - They
say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them,
Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are
Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
Sites to Visit:
Some Scriptures mentioning the word "Rome"
- And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of
good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so
must thou bear witness also at Rome.
Some Scriptures mentioning the word "Augustus"
Luke 2:1 - And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.
Tiberius Caesar (Bible History Online) - Augustus was not Tiberius' true father, he was the son of Augustus' wife Livia, by her first husband. Tiberius was in power when Jesus was crucifie
d. Tiberius ...
Ancient TextsThe Deeds of the Divine Augustus - Text (Written by Augustus in 14 A.D.)
The Deified Augustus - Text (Written by Suetonius)
Also see Roman Emperors - Photos, information , coins