Alexander the Great Bust
|In 336 BC When Darius II was
king of Persia he battled against Alexander the Great and was defeated
twice. The two famous battles were the Battle of Issus in 333 BC and the
Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. This marked the end of the Archaemenid
Empire and the rise of Greece as a world power. Alexander conquered the
world and died in Babylon in 323 BC. This bust of Alexander the Great is
an important discovery in Biblical Archaeology and the period of Greek
Material: Marble Bust
"And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes."
Greek Ministry of Culture Excerpt
Marble portrayal head of Alexander the Great. It is a chance find from the area of Pella, dated to the Hellenistic period.
“For I myself believe that there was at that time no race of mankind, no city, no single individual, to which the name of Alexander had not reached.” - Arrian
There are five principle historical sources from which
we gain virtually all our knowledge concerning Alexander’s life and
THE ANCIENT SOURCES
All literary evidence concerning Alexander’s life
rests fundamentally upon five biographical and historical accounts, in
addition to one ancient romance. They are:
A. Diodorus Siculus, a Greek of the
mid-first century B.C. who composed forty books of history of which
fifteen survive. Book 17 deals entirely with Alexander.
B. Quintus Curtius Rufus, a Latin
author of the mid-first century A.D., whose ten book history of
Alexander comprises his only extant work.
C. Plutarch, a classical Greek
historian, whose Life of Alexander was composed in the second century
D. Justin, a second century A.D.
short account of Alexander, an epitome of an earlier history by one
E. Lucius Flavius Arrianus (Arrian)
whose Anabasis of Alexander was written mid-second century A.D.
comprising the most complete and accurate account.
In addition there is one ancient romance:
The Alexander Romance. This work exists only in its fourth century A.D. form, and reflects a classical romantic tradition concerning Alexander. Little of the romance is serious history.
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