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Theological Word Book of the Old Testament

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Strong's Number: 5613 rps


Word Origin

rps from the same as (05609)

Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling

Capher (Aramaic) saw-fare'


Parts of Speech TWOT

Noun Masculine 2891b


Definition

scribe, secretary

Translated Words

KJV (6) - scribe, 6;

NAS (61) - book, 1; learned, 1; office, 1; scribe, 45; scribe's, 2; scribes, 5; secretaries, 1; secretary, 2; writer, 1; writing, 2;

Verse Count

KJV

Ezra 6
Judges 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 6

NAS

Ezra 8
Nehemiah 7
Esther 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 11
Ezekiel 2

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Abbreviations Legend:

TWOT - Theological Word Book of the Old Testament

Copyright Statement

The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." These files are considered public domain.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries. Copyright 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Bibliography Information

Brown, Driver, Briggs and Gesenius. "Hebrew Lexicon entry for Capher (Aramaic)". "The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon". bar_scribes.gif

The Scribes - Jewish Leaders in the First Century AD.

The Scribes of New Testament Times The Scribes - Introduction The Scribes - Overview The Scribes - Ancient History The Scribes - Background The Scribes - A Fence Around the Law The Scribes - Teaching The Scribes - Authority The Scribes - New Testament The Scribes - Teachers of the Law The Scribes - Jurists The Scribes - Judges The Scribes - Jesus The Scribes - Halachah and Haggadah The Scribes - Scriptures The Scribes - Historical Quotes The Scribes - Dictionaries The Scribes - Encyclopedias The Scribes - Conclusion

During the time of Jesus Christ there were Jewish teachers who explained the Torah, the law of God, by translating it (The Targums arise from this group), and giving commentary in the form of Haggadah (parables and various sayings) and would carefully show how the instructions of the law, for example, laws relating to the Sabbath and food, were to be lived out in everyday life (Halachah).

At this time, in addition to the written law, volumes of explanations were given, believed to have been handed down orally by men of God. These oral commandments carried with them great authority. It is exactly these oral traditions which is referred to in the New Testament. (Mark 7:9; Matthew 15; Galatians 1:14).

Most of the time the Scribes earned their living by copying and interpreting the law. They were not in absolute agreement as to their explanations of Scripture, which were usually given in the Beth-hamidrash (House of study).

In the New Testament the Scribes are mentioned as the "teachers" of the law, the rabbis and the official leaders of the people, along with the Pharisees, and the Gospels referred to them as "doctors of the Law". According to the New Testament they sat in the Sanhedrin (Matt 16:21).

Jesus came into conflict with the Scribes often because He and His disciples did not observe their traditions. Mark 7 describes an example of Jesus and His followers not observing traditional rules in relation to the Sabbath and cleanness. In Matt. 23, where Jesus pronounces his woes upon the Scribes and Pharisees, He repeated His prophetic curse upon them, "Woe to you" eight times because of their arrogance, hypocrisy, self-seeking ambition and scrupulous observances.

 

Introduction

Overview

Early History

Background

Fence Around the Law

Their Teaching

Their Authority

NT Scribes

Teachers

Jurists

Judges

Jesus and the Scribes

Halachah and Haggadah

Scriptures

Bible Dictionaries

Bible Encyclopedias

Historical Quotes

Conclusion

 

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