King Omri buys the Hill of Samaria
- Kings 16:23-26
23 In the thirty-first year of Asa king of Judah, Omri became king over
Israel, and reigned twelve years. Six years he reigned in Tirzah.
24 And he bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver;
then he built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built,
Samaria, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill.
25 Omri did evil in the eyes of the LORD, and did worse than all who were
26 For he walked in all the ways of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin
by which he had made Israel sin, provoking the LORD God of Israel to anger with
Assyrians Occupy Samaria [722 BC]
- Kings 17:5-6, 24-34
5 Then [in 724 BCE] the king of Assyria invaded all the land [of Israel] and
came to Samaria, and for three years he besieged it.
6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria,and he
carried the Israelites away to Assyria...
24 And the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon and Kuthah...and set
them in the cities of Samaria instead of the people of Israel; and they took
possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities.
25 At the beginning of their possession there they did not fear the LORD;
therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of them.
26 So the king of Assyria was told:
"The nations which have deported and placed in the cities of Samaria do not
know the law of the god of the land..."
28 So one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and he
dwelt in Bethel and taught them how to fear the LORD.
29 But every nation still made gods of its own and placed them in the shrines
of the high places which the Samaritans had made...
32 They also feared the LORD and from among themselves they appointed all
sorts of people as priests of the high places, who sacrificed for them in the
shrines of the high places.
33 So they feared the LORD but also served their own gods, after the manner of
the nations from which they were deported.
34 And to this day they do according to the preceding manner.
Israel carried away and Samaria is repopulated
- Kings 17:21-37
21 Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them commit a
22 For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did;
they did not depart from them,
23 until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His
servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from their own land to
Assyria, as it is to this day.
24 Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath,
and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the
children of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities.
25 And it was so, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not
fear the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of
26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, "The nations whom you have
removed and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know the rituals of the God of
the land; therefore He has sent lions among them, and indeed, they are killing
them because they do not know the rituals of the God of the land."
27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, "Send there one of the priests
whom you brought from there; let him go and dwell there, and let him teach them
the rituals of the God of the land."
28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and
dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.
29 However every nation continued to make gods of its own, and put them in the
shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in the
cities where they dwelt.
30 The men of Babylon made Succoth Benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the
men of Hamath made Ashima,
31 and the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burned their
children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.
32 So they feared the LORD, and from every class they appointed for themselves
priests of the high places, who sacrificed for them in the shrines of the high
33 They feared the LORD, yet served their own gods--according to the rituals
of the nations from among whom they were carried away.
34 To this day they continue practicing the former rituals; they do not fear
the LORD, nor do they follow their statutes or their ordinances, or the law and
commandment which the LORD had commanded the children of Jacob, whom He named
35 with whom the LORD had made a covenant and charged them, saying: "You shall
not fear other gods, nor bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to
36 but the LORD, who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power
and an outstretched arm, Him you shall fear, Him you shall worship, and to Him
you shall offer sacrifice.
Moses foretells about the Messiah
15 "The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst,
from your brethren. Him you shall hear,
16 according to all you desired of the LORD your God in Horeb in the day of
the assembly, saying, 'Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, nor
let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die.'
17 "And the LORD said to me: 'What they have spoken is good.
18 I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and
will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command
19 And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My
name, I will require it of him.
Samaritans ask to help in building the temple in Jerusalem
4:1 Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the descendants
of the captivity were building the temple of the LORD God of Israel,
2 they came to Zerubbabel and the heads of the fathers' houses, and said to
them, "Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do; and we have
sacrificed to Him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here."
- But Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers' houses of
Israel said to them, "You may do nothing with us to build a house for our God;
but we alone will build to the LORD God of Israel, as King Cyrus the king of
Persia has commanded us."
- Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. They
troubled them in building,
- and hired counselors against them to frustrate their purpose all the days of
Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.
The Samaritans write a letter to Artaxerxes to halt the building
- In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an
accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
- In the days of Artaxerxes also, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabel, and the rest of
their companions wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the letter was written
in Aramaic script, and translated into the Aramaic language.
- Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem
to King Artaxerxes in this fashion:
- From Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their
companions--representatives of the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the
people of Persia and Erech and Babylon and Shushan, the Dehavites, the Elamites,
- and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Osnapper took captive and
settled in the cities of Samaria and the remainder beyond the River--and so
- This is a copy of the letter that they sent him) To King Artaxerxes from your
servants, the men of the region beyond the River, and so forth:
- Let it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you have come to us
at Jerusalem, and are building the rebellious and evil city, and are finishing
its walls and repairing the foundations.
- Let it now be known to the king that, if this city is built and the walls
completed, they will not pay tax, tribute, or custom, and the king's treasury will
- Now because we receive support from the palace, it was not proper for us to
see the king's dishonor; therefore we have sent and informed the king,
- that search may be made in the book of the records of your fathers. And you
will find in the book of the records and know that this city is a rebellious
city, harmful to kings and provinces, and that they have incited sedition within
the city in former times, for which cause this city was destroyed.
- We inform the king that if this city is rebuilt and its walls are completed,
the result will be that you will have no dominion beyond the River.
- The king sent an answer: To Rehum the commander, to Shimshai the scribe, to
the rest of their companions who dwell in Samaria, and to the remainder beyond
the River: Peace, and so forth.
- The letter which you sent to us has been clearly read before me.
- And I gave the command, and a search has been made, and it was found that this
city in former times has revolted against kings, and rebellion and sedition
have been fostered in it.
- There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all the
region beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and custom were paid to them.
- Now give the command to make these men cease, that this city may not be built
until the command is given by me.
- Take heed now that you do not fail to do this. Why should damage increase to
the hurt of the kings?
- Now when the copy of King Artaxerxes' letter was read before Rehum, Shimshai
the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem against the
Jews, and by force of arms made them cease.
- Thus the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem ceased, and it was
discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.
The mixed multitude is removed
13:1 On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the
people, and in it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever come into
the assembly of God,
2 because they had not met the children of Israel with bread and water, but
hired Balaam against them to curse them. However, our God turned the curse into a
3 So it was, when they had heard the Law, that they separated all the mixed
multitude from Israel.
Driving the mixed multitude away
28 And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a
son-in-law of Sanballat the Horonite; therefore I drove him from me.
29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and the
covenant of the priesthood and the Levites.
30 Thus I cleansed them of everything pagan. I also assigned duties to the
priests and the Levites, each to his service,
31 and to bringing the wood offering and the firstfruits at appointed times.
Ezra makes them swear an oath to remove pagan wives
10:1 Now while Ezra was praying, and while he was confessing, weeping, and
bowing down before the house of God, a very large assembly of men, women, and
children gathered to him from Israel; for the people wept very bitterly.
2 And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, spoke up and said
to Ezra, "We have trespassed against our God, and have taken pagan wives from
the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope in Israel in spite of this.
3 Now therefore, let us make a covenant with our God to put away all these
wives and those who have been born to them, according to the advice of my master
and of those who tremble at the commandment of our God; and let it be done
according to the law.
4 Arise, for this matter is your responsibility. We also are with you. Be of
good courage, and do it."
5 Then Ezra arose, and made the leaders of the priests, the Levites, and all
Israel swear an oath that they would do according to this word. So they swore an
6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of
Jehohanan the son of Eliashib; and when he came there, he ate no bread and
drank no water, for he mourned because of the guilt of those from the captivity.
7 And they issued a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem to all the
descendants of the captivity, that they must gather at Jerusalem,
8 and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the
instructions of the leaders and elders, all his property would be confiscated, and he
himself would be separated from the assembly of those from the captivity.
9 So all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered at Jerusalem within three
days. It was the ninth month, on the twentieth of the month; and all the people sat
in the open square of the house of God, trembling because of this matter and
because of heavy rain.
10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, "You have transgressed and
have taken pagan wives, adding to the guilt of Israel. 11 Now therefore, make
confession to the LORD God of your fathers, and do His will; separate yourselves
from the peoples of the land, and from the pagan wives."
Jesus rebukes His disciples concerning the Samaritans
51 Now it came to pass, when the time had come for Him to be received up, that
He steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem,
52 and sent messengers before His face. And as they went, they entered a
village of the Samaritans, to prepare for Him.
53 But they did not receive Him, because His face was set for the journey to
54 And when His disciples James and John saw this, they said, "Lord, do You
want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, just as Elijah
55 But He turned and rebuked them, and said, "You do not know what manner of
spirit you are of.
56 For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men's lives but to save them."
And they went to another village.
Parable of the Good Samaritan
- And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, "Teacher, what
shall I do to inherit eternal life?"
- He said to him, "What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?"
- So he answered and said, " 'You shall love the LORD your God with all your
heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,' and
'your neighbor as yourself.' "
- And He said to him, "You have answered rightly; do this and you will live."
- But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"
- Then Jesus answered and said: "A certain man went down from Jerusalem to
Jericho, and fell among thieves, who stripped him of his clothing, wounded him, and
departed, leaving him half dead.
- Now by chance a certain priest came down that road. And when he saw him, he
passed by on the other side.
- Likewise a Levite, when he arrived at the place, came and looked, and passed
by on the other side.
- But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was. And when he saw
him, he had compassion.
- So he went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine; and he set
him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
- On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the
innkeeper, and said to him, 'Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when
I come again, I will repay you.'
- So which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the
- And he said, "He who showed mercy on him." Then Jesus said to him, "Go and do
The Samaritan Leper returns to thank Jesus
11 Now it happened as He went to Jerusalem that He passed through the midst of
Samaria and Galilee.
12 Then as He entered a certain village, there met Him ten men who were
lepers, who stood afar off.
13 And they lifted up their voices and said, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on
14 So when He saw them, He said to them, "Go, show yourselves to the priests."
And so it was that as they went, they were cleansed.
15 And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, returned, and with a loud
voice glorified God,
16 and fell down on his face at His feet, giving Him thanks. And he was a
17 So Jesus answered and said, "Were there not ten cleansed? But where are the
nine? 18 Were there not any found who returned to give glory to God except
19 And He said to him, "Arise, go your way. Your faith has made you well."
The Samaritan woman at the well
4:1 Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made
and baptized more disciples than John
2(though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples),
3 He left Judea and departed again to Galilee.
4 But He needed to go through Samaria.
5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of
ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey,
sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour.
7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give Me a drink."
8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.
9 Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, "How is it that You, being a Jew, ask
a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?" For Jews have no dealings with
10 Jesus answered and said to her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is
who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked Him, and He would
have given you living water."
11 The woman said to Him, "Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is
deep. Where then do You get that living water?
12 Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from
it himself, as well as his sons and his livestock?"
13 Jesus answered and said to her, "Whoever drinks of this water will thirst
14 but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst.
But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water
springing up into everlasting life." 15 The woman said to Him, "Sir, give me this
water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw."
16 Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here."
17 The woman answered and said, "I have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You
have well said, 'I have no husband,'
18 "for you have had five husbands, and the one whom you now have is not your
husband; in that you spoke truly."
19 The woman said to Him, "Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet.
20 Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem
is the place where one ought to worship."
21 Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will
neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father.
22 You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is
of the Jews.
23 But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship
the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him.
24 God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth."
25 The woman said to Him, "I know that Messiah is coming" (who is called
Christ). "When He comes, He will tell us all things."
26 Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am He."
27 And at this point His disciples came, and they marveled that He talked with
a woman; yet no one said, "What do You seek?" or, "Why are You talking with
28 The woman then left her waterpot, went her way into the city, and said to
29 Come, see a Man who told me all things that I ever did. Could this be the
30 Then they went out of the city and came to Him.
31 In the meantime His disciples urged Him, saying, "Rabbi, eat."
32 But He said to them, "I have food to eat of which you do not know."
33 Therefore the disciples said to one another, "Has anyone brought Him
anything to eat?"
34 Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to
finish His work.
35 Do you not say, 'There are still four months and then comes the harvest'?
Behold, I say to you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for they are
already white for harvest!
36 And he who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit for eternal life, that
both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together.
37 For in this the saying is true: 'One sows and another reaps.'
- "I sent you to reap that for which you have not labored; others have labored,
and you have entered into their labors."
- And many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of
the woman who testified, "He told me all that I ever did."
- So when the Samaritans had come to Him, they urged Him to stay with them; and
He stayed there two days.
- And many more believed because of His own word.
- Then they said to the woman, "Now we believe, not because of what you said,
for we ourselves have heard Him and we know that this is indeed the Christ, the
Savior of the world."
Jesus is attacked and called a Samaritan
48 Then the Jews answered and said to Him, "Do we not say rightly that You are
a Samaritan and have a demon?"
Samaritans receive the gospel
5 Then Philip went down to the city of Samaria and preached Christ to them.
6 And the multitudes with one accord heeded the things spoken by Philip,
hearing and seeing the miracles which he did.
7 For unclean spirits, crying with a loud voice, came out of many who were
possessed; and many who were paralyzed and lame were healed.
8 And there was great joy in that city.
9 But there was a certain man called Simon, who previously practiced sorcery
in the city and astonished the people of Samaria, claiming that he was someone
10 to whom they all gave heed, from the least to the greatest, saying, "This
man is the great power of God."
11 And they heeded him because he had astonished them with his sorceries for a
12 But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the
kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were baptized.
13 Then Simon himself also believed; and when he was baptized he continued
with Philip, and was amazed, seeing the miracles and signs which were done.
14 Now when the apostles who were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received
the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them,
15 who, when they had come down, prayed for them that they might receive the
16 For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in
the name of the Lord Jesus.
17 Then they laid hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.
18 And when Simon saw that through the laying on of the apostles' hands the
Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money,
19 saying, "Give me this power also, that anyone on whom I lay hands may
receive the Holy Spirit."
20 But Peter said to him, "Your money perish with you, because you thought
that the gift of God could be purchased with money!
21 You have neither part nor portion in this matter, for your heart is not
right in the sight of God.
22 Repent therefore of this your wickedness, and pray God if perhaps the
thought of your heart may be forgiven you.
23 For I see that you are poisoned by bitterness and bound by iniquity."
24 Then Simon answered and said, "Pray to the Lord for me, that none of the
things which you have spoken may come upon me."
25 So when they had testified and preached the word of the Lord, they returned
to Jerusalem, preaching the gospel in many villages of the Samaritans.
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